Author: masror

Comparison of OSI Reference Model and TCP/IP Reference Model

Following are some major differences between OSI Reference Model and TCP/IP Reference Model, with diagrammatic comparison below. OSI(Open System Interconnection) TCP/IP(Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) 1. OSI is a generic, protocol independent standard, acting as a communication gateway between

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The TCP/IP Reference Model

TCP/IP means Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol. It is the network model used in the current Internet architecture as well. Protocols are set of rules which govern every possible communication over a network. These protocols describe the movement of

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Application Layer – OSI Model

It is the top most layer of OSI Model. Manipulation of data (information) in various ways is done in this layer which enables user or software to get access to the network. Some services provided by this layer includes: E-Mail,

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Presentation Layer – OSI Model

The primary goal of this layer is to take care of the syntax and semantics of the information exchanged between two communicating systems. Presentation layer takes care that the data is sent in such a way that the receiver will

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Session Layer – OSI Model

Its main aim is to establish, maintain and synchronize the interaction between communicating systems. Session layer manages and synchronize the conversation between two different applications. Transfer of data from one destination to another session layer streams of data are marked

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Transport Layer – OSI Model

The main aim of transport layer is to be delivered the entire message from source to destination. Transport layer ensures whole message arrives intact and in order, ensuring both error control and flow control at the source to destination level.

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Network Layer – OSI Model

The main aim of this layer is to deliver packets from source to destination across multiple links (networks). If two computers (system) are connected on the same link then there is no need for a network layer. It routes the

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DATA LINK Layer – OSI Model

Data link layer is most reliable node to node delivery of data. It forms frames from the packets that are received from network layer and gives it to physical layer. It also synchronizes the information which is to be transmitted

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PHYSICAL Layer – OSI Model

Physical layer is the lowest layer of all. It is responsible for sending bits from one computer to another. This layer is not concerned with the meaning of the bits and deals with the physical connection to the network and

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ISO/OSI Model in Communication Networks

There are n numbers of users who use computer network and are located over the world. So to ensure, national and worldwide data communication, systems must be developed which are compatible to communicate with each other. ISO has developed this.

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