How to choose the right laptop for yourself!

Here we explain how to choose the right laptop for yourself, there are many factors you need to understanding while choosing and buying a laptop to prevent from being disappointed later, but we will write 8 essential tips for you.

Compact enough to carry with you, As the laptop is used to work at home, office or at the GO, you need to choose a compact size laptop which can be easily transported and carried.

There’s a wide variety of sizes, features and prices, which makes choosing the right laptop a challenge.

That’s why you need to figure out what your needs are. To make the right call, just follow these steps.

1. Pick a Platform: Mac, Windows or Chrome OS?

This is not an easy question and answer, especially if you’re not familiar with both Macs and PCs.

But this quick overview of each platform’s strengths and weaknesses should help.

Most laptops are coming with one of the most three famous operating systems such as Windows, Chrome OS and Mac OS X, choosing the right one is a personal preference but here’s a quick summery of what each offers.

Windows 10

The most flexible operating system, Windows appears on many more makes and models than Chrome OS or Mac OS X. Windows notebooks range in price from under $200 to several thousand dollars and offer a wide array of features from touch screens to fingerprint readers to dual graphics chips. Windows 10, the latest version of Microsoft’s flagship operating system, provides a number of improvements over Windows 7 and 8, including the ability to switch between tablet and desktop modes, a revamped Start menu with live tiles and the powerful Cortana digital assistant. Since its launch in July 2015, Windows 10 has also added a host of improvements, including the ability to use follow-up questions with Cortana, search your email using natural language and use your stylus to scribble almost anywhere.

Apple OS X EI Capitan

All MacBooks come with Apple’s own operating system, Mac OS X El Capitan. Overall, the operating system offers similar functionality to Windows 10, but with a different take on the interface that substitutes an apps dock at the bottom of the screen for Microsoft’s Start menu and taskbar. iPhone or iPad users will appreciate iOS-like features such as Launch Pad for your apps, superior multitouch gestures, and the ability to take calls and text from your iPhone. However, OS X isn’t made for touch, because no MacBook comes with a touch screen.

Chrome OS

Found on inexpensive “Chromebooks” such as the Lenovo 100S Chromebook, Google’s OS is simple and secure, but limited. The user interface looks a lot like Windows with an application menu, a desktop and the ability to drag windows around, but the main app you use is the Chrome browser. The downside is that there are few offline apps and those that exist don’t always work well. However, the operating if you need a device to surf the Web and check email, navigate social networks and chat online, Chromebooks are inexpensive and highly portable, and they offer good battery life. Google is also planning to add the ability to run Android apps, which would suddenly make this platform a lot more useful for the masses.

2. Decide if you want a 2-in-1

These days, many PC laptops fall into the category of “2-in-1s,” devices that can switch between traditional clamshell mode, tablet mode and other positions in between such as tent or stand modes. The 2-in-1s generally come in two different styles: detachables with screens that come off the keyboard entirely and flexible laptops with hinges that bend back 360 degrees to change modes. Most of these systems are much better at serving one purpose than the other, with bend-backs being laptops first and detachables offering a superior tablet experience. However, if you don’t see the need to use your notebook as a slate, you’ll usually get more performance for your money and a better productivity experience with a traditional clamshell laptop.

If you decide you want a 2-in-1, note that bendables usually have far better battery life than their detachable brethren.

3. Choose the right size

Before you look at specs or pricing, you need to figure out just how portable you need your laptop to be. Laptops are usually categorized by their display sizes:

  • 11 to 12 inches: The thinnest and lightest systems around have 11- to 12-inch screens and typically weigh 2.5 to 3.5 pounds,
  • 13 to 14 inches: Provides the best balance of portability and usability, particularly if you get a laptop that weighs under 4 pounds.
  • 15 inches: The most popular size, 15-inch laptops usually weigh 4.5 to 6.5 pounds. Consider this size if you want a larger screen and you’re not planning to carry your notebook around often.
  • 17 to 18 inches: If your laptop stays on your desk all day every day, a 17- or 18-inch system could provide you with the kind of processing power you need to play high-end games or do workstation-level productivity.

4. Check that keyboard and touchpad

The most impressive specs in the world don’t mean diddly if the laptop you’re shopping for doesn’t have good ergonomics. If you plan to do a lot of work on your computer, make sure the keyboard offers solid tactile feedback, plenty of vertical travel (distance the key goes down when pressed, usually 1 to 2mm) and enough space between the keys.

Look for an accurate touchpad that doesn’t give you a jumpy cursor and responds consistently to multitouch gestures such as pinch-to-zoom. If you’re buying a business laptop, consider getting one with a pointing stick (aka nub) between the G and H keys so you can navigate around the desktop without lifting your fingers off the keyboard’s home row.

5. Pick your specs

Notebook components such as processor, hard drive, RAM and graphics chip can confuse even notebook aficionados, so don’t feel bad if spec sheets look like alphabet soup to you.

Here are the main components to keep an eye on.

  • CPU: The “brains” of your computer, the processor has a huge influence on performance, but depending on what you want to do, even the least-expensive model may be good enough. Here’s a rundown.
    • AMD A series or Intel Core i3 / i5: If you’re looking for a mainstream laptop with the best combination of price and performance, get a Core i5. Core i3 is a small step down. AMD A series CPUs are less common, but promise similar performance.
    • Intel Core i7: High-end performance for gaming rigs and workstations. Models with numbers that end in HQ or K use higher wattage and have four cores, allowing for even faster gaming and productivity.
    • AMD E Series or Intel Pentium/Celeron: Found on low-cost laptops. It provides just enough performance to enable basic tasks such as video viewing, document editing and Web surfing.
    • Intel Atom: Also found on low-cost laptops and 2-in-1s. It offers basic performance but more battery life than Celeron/Pentium.
    • Intel Core m3 / m5 / m7: Low-power and low heat allow systems with these processors to go fanless. Performance is better than Celeron, but a notch below Core i3 / i5.
  • RAM: Some sub-$250 laptops come with only 2GB of RAM, but ideally you want at least 4GB on even a budget system and 8GB if you can spend just a little more. For most users, 16GB or more is overkill.
  • Storage Drive (aka Hard Drive): Even more important than the speed of your CPU is the performance of your storage drive. If you can afford it and don’t need a ton of internal storage, get a laptop with a solid state drive (SSD) rather than a hard drive, because you’ll see at least three times the speed and a much faster laptop overall.Among SSDs, the newer PCIe x4 (aka NVME) units offer triple the speed of traditional SATA drives. Sub-$250 laptops use eMMC memory, which is technically solid-state but not faster than a mechanical hard drive.
  • Display: The more pixels you have, the more content you can fit on-screen, and the sharper it will look. Most budget and mainstream laptops have 1366 x 768 displays, but if you can afford it, we recommend paying extra for a panel that runs at 1920 x 1080, also known as full HD or 1080p. Some higher-end laptops have screens that are 2560 x 1600, 3200 x 1800 or even 3840 x 2160, which all look sharp but consume more power, lowering your battery life.
  • Touch Screen: If you’re buying a regular clamshell laptop, rather than a 2-in-1, you won’t get much benefit from a touch screen and you will get 1 to 3 hours less battery life. On 2-in-1s, touch screens come standard.
  • Graphics Chip: If you’re not playing PC games, creating 3D objects or doing high-res video editing, an integrated graphics chip (one that shares system memory) will be fine. If you have any of the above needs, though, a discrete graphics processor from AMD or Nvidia is essential. As with CPUs, there are both high- and low-end graphics chips. Nvidia maintains a list of its graphics chips from low to high end, as does AMD.
  • DVD/Blu-ray Drives. Few laptops come with optical drives, because all software and movies are downloadable. However, if you really need to read / write discs and your laptop of choice doesn’t come with a built-in DVD drive, you can always buy an external one that connects via USB for under $20.

6. Don’t skimp on battery life

If you’re buying large, bulky notebook that you’ll use only on a desk near an outlet, you don’t have to worry about battery life. However, if you plan to use the laptop on your lap, even if it’s at home and or work, you’ll want at least 6 hours of endurance, with 8+ hours being ideal. To determine a notebook’s expected battery life, don’t take the manufacturer’s word for it. Instead, read third-party results from objective sources, such as our reviews.

You can choose the battery by choosing higher battery cells, like 2 cell battery, 4 cell battery, 6 cell battery and 8 cell battery and also combo batteries.

7. Plan based on your budget

You can find a laptop at $200 but if you increase the budget you can find better laptops, here’s what you can get fro each price range.

  • $150 to $250: The least-expensive noteboo
    ks are either Chromebooks, which run Google’s browser-centric OS, or low-end Windows systems with minimal storage and slower processors, such as the HP Stream 11 and the Lenovo Ideapad 100S. Use these as secondary computers only or give them to the kids.
  • $350 to $600: For well under $600, you can get a notebook with an Intel Core i5 or AMD A8 CPU, 4 to 8GB of RAM, and a 500GB hard drive, all respectable specs. However, at this price, most notebooks don’t have an SSD, a full-HD display or long battery life. There are a few noteable exceptions, such as the Asus VivoBook E403Sa and Lenovo ThinkPad 13.
  • $600 to $900: As you get above $600, you’ll start to see more premium designs, such as metal finishes. Manufacturers also start to add in other features as you climb the price ladder, including higher-resolution displays and SSDs.
  • Above $900: At this price range, expect notebooks that are more portable, more powerful or both. Expect higher-resolution screens, faster processors and possibly discrete graphics. The lightest, longest-lasting ultraportables, like the MacBook Air 13-inch and the Dell XPS 13, tend to cost more than $1,000 (although you can get the Dell for less if you don’t opt for a touch screen). High-end gaming systems and mobile workstations usually cost upward of $1,500 or even as much as $2,500 or $3,000.

8. Mind the brand

Your laptop is only as good as the company that stands behind it. Accurate and timely technical support is paramount.

This past year Apple came in first place, followed by HP and Samsung.This past year Apple came in first place, followed by Microsoft and Samsung.

Support is only part of what makes a notebook brand worth your money. You also have to consider how the manufacturer stacks up to the competition in terms of design, value and selection, review performance and other criteria. In our 2015 Best and Worst Laptop Brands report, Apple placed first, followed by Dell and HP.

.af Domain Registration Policy

1: Definition
• “.af DNS authority” means the Afghanistan Domain Administration Committee (as of November 2002, the Ministry of Communications of Afghanistan) supported by the Technical Focal Point which has the right to grant licenses to use domain names in the “.af” domain;
• “the registrar” means the organization or undertaking that enters into a non-exclusive registrar agreement with the .af DNS authority and obtains from the .af DNS authority the right to apply for the registration and renewal of domain names under the “.af” domain on behalf of its clients but for its own account. As of November 2002, UNDP Afghanistan office in Kabul is one authorized registrar;
• “the license” means the person that applies for or has obtained a license from the .af DNS authority to use a particular name in the “.af” domain.

2. Acceptable Domain Names
The .af DNS authority will not accept the following domain names for registration:
• Names that are already registered (“first come, first served” -principle) or that are put on hold. A name is put on hold if:
• Legal proceedings, whether within or outside the scope of a court of law, are in progress over that name, or
• The .af DNS authority has asked the domain name holder to replace his registrar in case the registrars contract with the .af DNS authority is terminated.
• Names that consist of characters other than “a-z”, “A-Z”, “0-9” and “-“, or that start or end with “-” (as recommended in RFC 1035).
• Names of more than three characters or less than sixty-three (63) characters.
• Names with “-” on the third and the fourth position.
• All domain names registered with two characters will be either redirected to minimum three characters or will be cancelled as per domain policy by the end of this year.
Names will be registered for the person whose application is completed first, notwithstanding earlier applications for those names that are not yet complete. An application is complete when it is received with all the required data by the .af DNS authority computer system (not when it was sent). The refusal to register a domain name by the .af DNS authority does not create any rights (priority rights or other) for the applicant. The applicant may file a new application, in competition with anybody else, if that name later becomes available to the public.

3. License
a) After the registrar completes the registration process and pays the registration fees, the .af DNS authority grants an exclusive license to the licensee to use the domain name in the application.

b) The license is valid for one year and is renewable as long as the registration fee has been settled.

c) The license is not transferable unless the domain name is transferred with the business assets of the licensee. The license for a domain name that is on hold cannot be transferred, with exception for the appointment of a new registrar as described in article 6, b, second paragraph.

d) The .af DNS authority may terminate the license if the licensee breaches any of the terms and conditions of the domain name registration, including non-payment of the license fee by the licensee’s registrar. In case of a breach of the terms and conditions, the .af DNS authority can send a reminder by e-mail to both the registrar and the licensee informing them that the license will be terminated if the breach is not remedied within 14 days.

4. Fees and Payment
a) The licensee is aware that the registrar acting on his behalf must pay the initial registration fee and the renewal fee according to the agreement between the registrar and the .af DNS authority.
As of November 2002, the registration fees are as follow:

b) The registrar has access to the computer system of the .af DNS authority in order to verify the status and expiration date of the domain names that he manages. The registrar is responsible for the timely advice to the licensee that the license for his registered domain names is due to be renewed.

c) The .af DNS authority is not responsible for the registrar’s non-payment of registration or renewal fees, which may result in the non-registration or cancellation of a domain name (even if the licensee has paid the registrar).

5. Obligation to have a working e-mail address
The licensee must have a working e-mail address, which is inserted in the .af DNS authority database. The .af DNS authority and the licensee must use this e-mail address for official communication between them, and the licensee must keep the address up-to-date through his registrar. If the e-mail address is not kept up-to-date, the licensee is in breach of these terms and conditions and the .af DNS authority may terminate the license as provided in article 3 above.

6. Agreement between Licensee and Registrar
a) The registration and renewal process with the .af DNS authority can only be conducted by the licensee through an authorized registrar, who is acting on behalf of the licensee but for its own account. The .af DNS authority must make available on its web site a list of the authorized registrars, and a copy of the typical agreement between the .af DNS authority and the registrar. The .af DNS authority is not a party to the agreement between the licensee and his registrar incurs no obligation or liability from that agreement.

b) If a registrar is no longer an authorized registrar because the agreement with the .af DNS authority is terminated, the .af DNS authority must send an e-mail to the licensees informing them that their domain name is put on hold and asking them to appoint another registrar within one month. If the licensee does not appoint another registrar within one month, the license agreement between the .af DNS authority and the licensee will be terminated at the end of its term with no possibility of renewal. The licensee’s domain name will remain on hold until the later of three months after the .af DNS authority sent the on hold notice to the licensee, or two months after the license was terminated. While the domain name is on hold, the licensee may appoint another registrar who may send a request, including its reasons, to the .af DNS authority to become the new registrar of the licensee and restore the license if terminated.

c) If a licensee terminates the agreement with his registrar, he must at the same time designate a new registrar who must inform the .af DNS authority of the proposed change of registrar. The .af DNS authority must inform the licensee and the new registrar of the proposed change by e-mail and the licensee may object to the proposed change by sending a reply e-mail to the .af DNS authority within seven days. The change of registrar will take effect if the licensee confirms the change to the .af DNS authority within seven days after the e-mail from the .af DNS authority. If the licensee does not respond within seven days, the .af DNS authority must send a reminder by e-mail to the new registrar informing him that the transfer will only take effect if the licensee confirms the change to the .af DNS authority by fax within 7 days following the reminder by e-mail.

7. Privacy Policy 
a) The licensee authorizes the .af DNS authority to process personal and other data required to operate the “.af” domain name system. The .af DNS authority must only use the data for operating the system and may only transfer the data to third parties if ordered to do so by the public authorities, upon demand of the dispute resolution entity mentioned in article 10 or as provided in paragraph (c) of this article. The licensee has the right to access his personal data and to arrange for it to be amended, where errors exist.

b) The licensee must keep the .af DNS authority immediately informed through the registrar of any change in name, address, e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers. An omission or delay in informing the .af DNS authority of such changes may result in the termination of the license.

c) The licensee authorizes the .af DNS authority to make the following personal data accessible on its web site – along with some other technical data – to guarantee the transparency of the domain name system towards the public:

• Name, address and telephone and fax number of licensee;
• Date of registration and status of the domain name;
• E-mail address of licensee;
• Language chosen for the dispute resolution set out in article 10.
The licensee also authorizes the .af DNS authority to transfer that data to third parties for the purpose of inclusion in a publicly available directory. The licensee may at any time and without giving any reason inform the .af DNS authority that his personal data may not be transferred. The .af DNS authority must then take all necessary steps to block the data transfer within five working days.

8. Representations and Warranties
a) The licensee agrees and warrants that:
• All statements made during the registration process and the term of the license are complete and accurate.
• Registering the domain name will not infringe or otherwise violate the rights of a third party.
• The domain name is not registered for an unlawful purpose.
• The domain name is not used in violation of any applicable laws or regulations, such as a name that helps to discriminate on the basis of race, language, sex, religion or political view;
• The domain name is not contrary to public order or morality (e.g. obscene or offensive names).

b) The .af DNS authority is not liable for any damage, direct or indirect damage, consequential damage and loss of profits, whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, resulting from or related to the registration or use of a domain name, or to the use of its software or web site, even if the .af DNS authority has been advised of the possibility of such damage. Examples of exclusions include :

• Registration or renewal (or the default of registration or renewal) of a domain name in favor of a licensee or a third party due to an error concerning their identity.
• Termination of the .af DNS authority’s rights to register domain names in the “.af” domain.
• Rights that third parties claim to domain names.
• Technical problems or faults.
• Acts or omissions of the registrars regarding the application, registration or renewal of domain names, which may result in the non-registration, or cancellation of a domain name.

The .af DNS authority will exercise its best efforts to provide its services according to the “best practices” standard of the registration authorities. The .af DNS authority will exercise its best efforts to provide its services according to the “best practices” standards adopted and approved in the national or international context.
The licensee must indemnify the .af DNS authority against any claim (and the resulting costs, including attorneys’ fees) originating from the use or registration of a domain name that infringes the rights of a third party. Disputes between the .af DNS authority and the licensee must be brought before the appropriate Afghanistan courts which will have exclusive jurisdiction, and must be governed and interpreted in accordance with the laws of Afghanistan.

9. Change of Registration Rules
a) The rules of the domain name registration procedure are dynamic and subject to change.

b) If the .af DNS authority decides to change its rules, it will make the new rules available to the public by posting them on its web site at least thirty (30) days before the new rules take effect. Each registration procedure will be handled according to the rules in effect on the date the application is complete.

c) As a deviation of the previous rule, the .af DNS authority can modify the technical registration rules without the application of the mentioned minimum delay of thirty (30) days. Such modifications will take effect from the moment of their announcement on the website of the .af DNS authority. The .af DNS authority can only make use of this specific procedure as far as those modifications seem justified within the national or international technical context and as far as they are intended to prevent registrations of speculative nature.

d) The .af DNS authority will not personally inform licensees, whose domain names have been rejected in the past, that new rules apply, even if the rejected names would be allowed under the new rules.

10. Dispute Resolution Policy
a) Dispute resolution.
The licensee must submit the type of disputes set out below to alternative dispute resolution proceedings and accepts in this regard the competence of an accredited. Dispute Resolution Entity. The licensee accepts that those proceedings must be conducted before one of the accredited. Dispute Resolution Entities listed at the web site of the .af DNS authority. The procedure will be conducted in the language chosen by the licensee during his application. Every dispute will be governed by the dispute resolution policy applicable when the complaint is filed.
As of November 2002, the designated Dispute Resolution Entity for .AF is

b) Applicable disputes.
• The licensee must submit a dispute to alternative dispute resolution proceedings if a third party (a “Complainant”) asserts to the Dispute Resolution Entity, in compliance with the rules of procedure, and proves that:
1. The licensee’s domain name is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark, a trade name, a social name or corporation name, a geographical designation, a name of origin, a designation of source, a personal name or name of a geographical entity in which the Complainant has rights; and
2. The licensee has no rights or legitimate interests in the domain name; and
3. The licensee’s domain name has been registered or is being used in bad faith.
• The evidence of such in bad faith registration or use of a domain name can, inter alia, be demonstrated by the following circumstances:
1. Circumstances indicating that the domain name was registered or acquired primarily for the purpose of selling, renting, or otherwise transferring the domain name to the Complainant who is the owner of the trademark, trade name, social name or corporation name, geographical designation, name of origin, designation of source, personal name or name of the geographical entity, or to a competitor of that Complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of the costs directly related to the domain name; or
2. The domain name was registered in order to prevent the owner of a trademark, a trade name, a social name or corporation name, a geographical designation, a name of origin, a designation of source, a personal name or a name of a geographical entity from reflecting this name in a corresponding domain name, provided that the licensee has engaged in a pattern of such conduct; or
3. The domain name was registered primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor; or
4. The domain name was intentionally used to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to the licensee’s web site or other on-line location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainant’s trademark, trade name, social name or corporation name, geographical designation, name of origin, designation of source, personal name or name of a geographical entity as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation, or endorsement of the licensee’s web site or location or of a product or service on his web site or location.
5. The licensee registers one or more personal names without the existence of a demonstrable link between the licensee and the registered domain names.
• If a complaint is filed, the licensee can demonstrate his rights or legitimate interests to the domain name by the following circumstances:
1. Prior to any notice of the dispute, the licensee used the domain name or a name corresponding to the domain name in connection with a bona fide offering of goods or services or made demonstrable preparations for such use; or
2. The licensee (as an individual, business, or other organization) has been commonly known by the domain name, even if he has acquired no trademark; or
3. The licensee is making a legitimate and non-commercial or fair use of the domain name, without intent for commercial gain to misleadingly divert consumers or to tarnish the trademark, trade name, social name or corporation name, geographical designation, name of origin, designation of source, personal name or name of the geographical entity at issue.

c) Rules of procedure. The rules of procedure of the Dispute Resolution Entity state the process for initiating and conducting the proceedings and for appointing the Third-party Decider that will decide the dispute. The rules of procedure also determine the fees that the Complainant must pay. The Dispute Resolution Entity publishes the rules of procedure on his web site.

d) Non-intervention of the .af DNS authority. The .af DNS authority does not, and will not, participate in the administration or conduct of any proceedings before. Neither the .af DNS authority, the Dispute Resolution Entity of the Third-party Decider will be liable as a result of any fault made in the dispute resolution process, except for intentional faults.

e) Remedies. The remedies available to a Complainant under any proceedings before the Third-party Decider are limited to requiring the cancellation of the domain name registration or the transfer of the domain name to the Complainant.

f) Notification and publication. The Dispute Resolution Entity must publish all decisions under this dispute resolution policy on the Internet during a reasonable term.

g) Courts of competent jurisdiction. The submittance to the alternative dispute resolution procedures does not prevent either the licensee or the Complainant from submitting the dispute to a court of competent jurisdiction for independent resolution before, during or after those proceedings. If Third-party Decider decides that the domain name registration should be cancelled or transferred, the .af DNS authority must wait thirty (30) business days after being informed of the Third-party Decider’s decision before implementing that decision. The .af DNS authority may then implement the decision unless during those thirty (30) business days it receives from the licensee evidence that a judicial decision, enforceable in Afghanistan, rendered in a dispute between the licensee and the Complainant, blocks the transfer or the cancellation. If the .af DNS authority receives such documentation, it will not take any further action (whilst leaving the domain name ‘on hold’) till it receives (i) satisfactory evidence of a resolution between the licensee and the Complainant; or (ii) satisfactory evidence that the lawsuit has been dismissed or withdrawn; or (iii) a copy of an order on the merits from that court dismissing the lawsuit or stipulating that the licensee does not have the right to continue to use the domain name.

h) Other disputes. All other disputes between the licensee and any party other than the .af DNS authority over the domain name registration that are not brought under the alternative dispute resolution procedures must be resolved through any court proceedings, arbitration or other available proceedings.

i) Defences. The .af DNS authority will not participate in any dispute between the licensee and any party other than the .af DNS authority over the registration and use of the domain name, neither in the alternative dispute resolution proceedings, nor in any other proceedings. The licensee must not name the .af DNS authority as a party or otherwise include it in any such proceedings. If the .af DNS authority is named as a party in any such proceedings, it reserves the right to raise any and all defences deemed appropriate, and to take any other action necessary to defend itself.

j) Domain name on hold. As soon as a request for alternative dispute resolution is properly filed with the Dispute Resolution Entity and the appropriate fee is paid, the Dispute Resolution Entity must inform the .af DNS authority of the identity of the Complainant and the domain name involved. The .af DNS authority must immediately put the domain name involved “on hold”, under articles 2 and 3 of these terms and conditions. The domain name remains on hold until the end of the proceedings set out in paragraph (g).

11. Rules For Domain Name Use
Domain name registration is strictly prohibited by any of the following purposes:
1. The display of sexually offensive contents;
2. Spamming activities including the development of tools used to spam ; or any software or resources to be used for illegal activities, including viruses and hacking tools;
3. Any other activity which is illegal under Afghan law.

12. Required Documents
The registrant must bring the following documents for the registration of domain names under .af domain.
1. If the registrant wants to register a domain name ending in “.com.af”
a. Trade license / Business authorization or approval from the Ministry of Commerce for any other Ministry or body responsible for registration or licensing of such bodies.
2. If the registrant wants to register a domain name ending in “.org.af”
a. Approval of registration documents from the ministry of planning for verification of the specified organization or any other Ministry or body responsible for registration or licensing of such bodies.

13. Disclaimer
13.1 The Registrant agrees that AFGNIC will not be liable for any damage, liability, loss, costs, charges and expenses due to or related to registration of, application for, deletion of, suspension of, transfer of, reverse transfer of and/or use of Registrant’s domain name, or for interruption of business, or any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind (including loss of profits) regardless of the form of actions, cause of actions, suits, claims and demands whether in contract, tort (including negligence), or otherwise, even if AFGNIC has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event AFGNIC is found to be liable under this Agreement, in no event shall AFGNIC’s aggregate liability under the terms and conditions of this Agreement or otherwise (including negligence) exceed the cumulative total of the Fees paid by the Registrant.
13.2 The Registrant agrees that all conditions and warranties which would otherwise be implied into this Agreement are hereby excluded to the fullest extent permissible by law.

14. Indemnity
The Registrant agrees to indemnify and hold and save harmless AFGNIC, against any and all actions, causes of action, suits, claims and demands of any nature or kind as well as from and against any and all damages, liabilities, losses, costs, charges and expenses including reasonable legal fees resulting from the Registrant’s breach of the terms and conditions of this Agreement, registration of, application of, transfer of and/or use of the domain name.

This Agreement (including AFGNIC’s applicable rules, policies and procedures), as amended and supplemented by AFGNIC from time to time, contains the entire understanding between the Registrant and AFGNIC with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersedes all prior agreements or understandings, inducements or conditions, express or implied, oral or written made between the parties hereto.

By submitting this registration form the registrant is constrained and agrees to with all applicable rules and policies effective from time to time

Note: For more information and domain registrations visit http://www.pamirwebhost.com

General Information About Afghanistan

Afghanistan: An Introduction

Afghanistan, (which literally means Land of the Afghan) is a mountainous land-locked country located in Central Asia. It has a history and culture that goes back over 5000 years. Throughout its long, splendid, and sometiScreen Shot 2015-05-28 at 1.53.49 AMmes chaotic history, this area of the world has been known by various names. In ancient times, its inhabitants called the land Aryana. In the medieval era, it was called Khorasan, and in modern times, its people have decided to call it Afghanistan. The exact population of Afghanistan is unknown, however, it is estimated to be somewhere close to 32 million.

Afghanistan is a heterogeneous nation, in which there are four major ethnic groups: Pashtoons, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Uzbeks. Numerous other minor ethnic groups (Nuristanis, Baluchis, Turkmens, etc.) also call Afghanistan their home. While the majority of Afghans (99%) belong to the Islamic faith, there are also small pockets of Sikhs, Hindus and even some Jews. The official languages of the country are Pashto and Dari (Afghan Persian aka Farsi). The capital of Afghanistan is Kabul, which throughout history, was admired by many great figures, such as the great Central Asian conqueror, Zahirudeen Babur. Unfortunately, due to many years of war, this great city has been shattered and nearly destroyed.

Today, Afghanistan is on a road to recovery, however, after decades of war, the economy is still in ruins, and its environment is in a state of crises (by darryl). After pushing the date back twice, Afghanistan’s presidential elections were finally held on October 9, 2004. Over 8 million Afghans voted in the elections. The Joint Electoral Management Body of Afghanistan certified the elections on November 3rd, and declared Hamid Karzai, the interim President, the winner with 55.4% of the votes. Karzai’s strongest challenger, Yunis Qanooni, came in second with 16.3% of the votes.

With help from the United States and the United Nations, Afghanistan adopted its new constitution, establishing the country as an Islamic Republic, in early January 2004. According to the constitution, the Afghan government consists of a powerful and popularly elected President, two Vice Presidents, and a National Assembly consisting of two Houses: the House of People (Wolesi Jirga), and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). There is also an independent Judiciary branch consisting of the Supreme Court (Stera Mahkama), High Courts and Appeal Courts. The President appoints the members of the Supreme Court with the approval of the Wolesi Jirga. Assembly elections were held in late 2005.

For a detailed statistical look at Afghanistan check out the following link:

Kankor List of 1393-1394

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Please download the latest results list of 1393-1394 of Afghanistan kankor.

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The Fish Who Loved A Bird

A fish fell in love with a bird one day.

What was his reason I could not say.
The bird flew down its reflection to see,
the fish jumped high and cried “Marry me.”
The bird simply laughed and flew away,
“Birds marry birds!” was all she’d say.But while she flew nothing else came to mind,
save the face of the fish she was leaving behind.
No other had spoken to her such words of love,
not the swiftest falcon nor the sweetest dove.
To the beauty of his fins a bird could not compare,
or to the strength of his muscles as he lept through the air.

Suddenly she turned though she couldn’t say why.
Back to the water she quickly did fly.
“Oh beautiful fish how can this be,
a bird of the sky and a fish in the sea?
We never could marry, our worlds are apart.
So why cruelest fish have you stolen my heart?”

The fish gave his reply, and his words sang true.
He told the lovely bird what in his soul he knew.
“Beloved my beloved, oh do not despair,
though I swim in the ocean and you in the air.
Nothing in this world could keep us apart,
if your love is as true as the love in my heart.”

The fish thought about it as best he could,
till he had an idea that would do them some good.
“Sometimes before sunrise at the edge of the world,
I have seen a place where creation’s unfurled.
Come with me my love and our fates we will cheat.
Come to this enchanted place where the sea and sky meet.”
The bird and the fish both made their merry way,
and live happy and in love to this very day.

Now from the look on your face you think my tale a lie.
You don’t believe a beast of sea can marry beast of sky.
These things that I sing, I can prove they are true.
The children of the couple are known to all of you.
A penguin is a bird that calls the ocean home.
What of flying fish? It is in the air they roam.

China May Outsource to America

Do you think that things are cheaper in the third world? The Chinese don’t. Not anymore.

The local governments of the United States are trying to attract the Chinese companies to their states in the hope they will set up shop. According to the recent Yahoo news, the free market failed to provide states like Alabama with jobs, and in result the region suffered from a high unemployment rate. The problem was solved after the state began looking for investors from the Communist Henan Province in China.

The searches were successful – Henan’s Golden Dragon Precise Copper Tube Group has already opened a plant in Alabama in May 2014, and it is not the only one of its kind: the trend of the Chinese outsourcing to the US is being noticed across the country. Indeed, the Chinese companies have already invested a record $14 billion in the US in 2013. What is more important, they collectively employ over 70,000 Americans.

The market confirms that the rules have changed: Chinese workers are getting more and more expensive, while the energy prices in the United States are falling. So, now mayors and economic development officials can be seen lining up to welcome Chinese investors, though a few years ago they would have called them “Commie infiltrators”.

The researchers point out that it is in the more conservative Southern states, where obsession with blocking health care defined a higher number of people on welfare being at the forefront of attracting the Chinese. Today any market expert would admit that the United States has some advantages of cheaper Chinese manufacturing facilities: aside from access to cheap Mexican labor, companies that set up in the States will save a fortune on transport costs.

لست نتایج کانکور سال 1393

شما میتوانید لست نتایج کانکور سال 1393 را از اینجا دریابید

بکمک مالی کمپنی پامیر ویبز

You can find 1393 complete kankor result list from here

Co financed by PAMIR WEBS.

DOWNLOAD KANKOR RESULT LIST

لست نتایج کانکور

اطلاعیه جدید وزارت تحصلات برای کانکور 1392

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نصاب تعلیمی تطبیق شده بالای شاگردان

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نصاب تعلیمی تطبیق شده بالای شاگردان

1

ارزگان

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2

بادغیس

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3

بامیان

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4

بدخشان

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بغلان

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بلخ

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پروان

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پکتیا

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پکتیکا

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پنجشیر

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تخار

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جوزجان

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خوست

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دایکندی

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زابل

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سرپل

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سمنگان

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شهرکابل

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غزنی

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غور

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فاریاب

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فراه

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لغمان

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لوگر

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ننگرهار

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نورستان

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نیمروز

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هرات

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هلمند

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وردک

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کاپیسا

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کندهار

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کندز

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کنر‌

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ولایت کابل

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Business Law – By: Sir Halim

Business Law Class Lectures – By: Sir Halim

 

Salaam University – 5th Semester.

 

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